Heart attacks happen silently and suddenly. There may not be any lead-ups to the actual attack, at-least to others. But Patients often feel the signs of approaching danger, all be it unconsciously. It is important not to ignore these signs, and seek immediate experienced assistance.
The following symptoms must never be neglected, as Heart Attacks kill more people than almost any other cause.
- Shortness of Breath maybe caused by Heart failure. This allows the fluids in the Body to gather in the Lungs thereby causing Shortness of Breath in everyday activities.
- The Shortness of breath maybe felt even when lying flat, and also, even when using multiple pillows.
- Swelling, in the Ankles, Legs and Abdomen can be felt and clothes and shoes may seem to be tighter, as there is fluid built-up.
- Frequent Urination may indicate excess fluid in the body or it’s opposite, resulting in Kidney damage and consequent Heart attack.
- Sudden increase in the rate of Heart Beat or Pulse may indicate reduced ability of the Heart to pump Blood.
- Heart failure reduces Oxygen richness in the Blood, causing tiredness in the Patient due to lack of sufficient supply of energy due to Oxygen Deprivation.
- Other symptoms of Heart Attack are sudden weight increase.
Heart Attacks are caused by loss of flow of Oxygen rich blood to section of the Heart muscle by Blockage. Unless quickly restored, these sections of the Heart muscle begin to die, causing failure of the total Cardiovascular System. Troponin is a blood protein that indicates the health of the blood and the history of Heart Attacks. Test for this protein, therefore, indicates the propensity of Heart Attacks in the future and the nature of the Heart Attack (minor, mild or major).
Some of the important but routine blood test for heart attack are as follows, apart from Troponin Tests mentioned above.:
- CBC (Complete Blood Count)
- Thyroid Panel
- Blood Chemistry Panel (Basic Metabolic Panel)
- Nutrient Tests for various vital Nutrients, eg: Iron or B Vitamins
- Enzyme Markers
- Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD).
Typical times taken for results to be derived are as follows:
- Lipid Panel: 24 hrs
- Basic Metabolic Panel: 24 hrs
- Complete Metabolic Panel: 24 to 72 hrs
- CBC (Complete Blood Count): 24 hrs
If the patient feels uneasy, discussing the matter with a Cardiologist is a must. Blood Tests to predict Heart Attacks will then be reviewed.